I'm Julia Dimakos.

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These are the EXACT same steps I followed in turning my otherwise
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Outdoor Planting Calculator

Name of Crop Direct Seed or Transplant Direct Seed into Soil (S) or Transplant Seedlings into the Garden (T) Plant Out/Last Frost # of Weeks to Plant Out Before or After Last Frost Planting Date Notes
Amaranth Seed or Transplant 1 weeks before
Artichoke Transplant 3 to 4 weeks before
Arugula Seed 4 to 5 weeks before
Asparagus Seeds or Crowns 4 to 6 weeks before As soon as soil can be worked.
Asters, China Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Basil Seed 1 weeks before Transplant out seedlings after the last frost date.
Beans (Bush or Pole) Seed 0 to 1 weeks after Don't overwater bean seeds, because they will rot from too much moisture.
Beets Seed 4 to 6 weeks before
Bok Choy Seed or Transplant 1 to 2 weeks before
Borage Seed 1 weeks before
Broccoli Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before Will produce faster from seedlings; cover with insect netting immediately, to keep pests away.
Broccoli Raab Seed or Transplant 2 weeks before
Broccoli, Sprouting Seed or Transplant 3 to 4 weeks before
Brussel Sprouts Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks before
Butterfly Milkweed Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before
Cabbage Transplant 3 to 4 weeks before Will produce faster from seedlings; cover with insect netting immediately, to keep pests away.
Calendula Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks before
Callaloo Seed or Transplant 1 weeks before
Cardoon Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Carrot Seed 4 to 6 weeks before
Cauliflower Transplant 2 weeks before Needs full sun; Cover seedlings with row cover to prevent pests.
Celeriac Transplant 2 weeks before
Celery Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before Celery has a long growing period from seed; start seeds indoors 3 months prior to transplanting out.
Chamomile Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Chard, Swiss Seed or Transplant 2 to 4 weeks before
Chervil Seed 0 to 1 weeks after
Chives Seed or Transplant 4 to 6 weeks before
Chickpeas Seed or Transplant 1 weeks before Chickpeas require 100 days to reach maturity. Roots are delicate and do not like to be disturbed. If sowing indoors, be sure to start seeds in peat pots and plant the entire pot into the soil, or use root trainers. Plant one seed per pot.
Chicory Transplant 1 to 2 weeks before
Chrysanthemum Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Cilantro Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Claytonia Seed 4 to 6 weeks before
Cleome Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Collards Seed or Transplant 4 to 6 weeks before Will produce faster from seedlings; cover with insect netting immediately, to keep pests away.
Corn Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Corn Salad (*see Mache*) Seed 6 weeks before
Cosmos Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Cress Seed 4 to 6 weeks before
Cucamelon Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after Cucamelons are slow growing when they're establishing themselves. Start seeds indoors approximately 4 weeks before planting out.
Cucumber Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after Germinates and grows quickly; can do a second sowing a couple weeks after first, in case affected by pests or disease.
Dandelion Greens Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks before
Dianthus Transplant 1 weeks before
Dill Seed or Transplant 1 to 2 weeks before
Edamame Beans Seed 1 to 3 weeks after
Eggplant Transplant 1 weeks after Start seeds indoors 8 to 10 weeks prior to planting out; extremely sensitive to frost.
Endive Seed or Transplant 2 to 4 weeks before
Escarole Transplant 1 to 2 weeks before
Fava/Broad Beans Seed 6 to 7 weeks before Doesn't require starting indoors; grows better when sown directly into the garden.
Flax Seed 4 to 6 weeks before Transplant out seedlings after the last frost date.
Fennel Seed or Transplant 2 weeks before
Flowering Kale Transplant 4 to 5 weeks after
Garlic Plant Individual Cloves 14 to 20 weeks after
Gaura Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Geranium (Pelargonium) Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Gourds Seed or Transplant 1 weeks after
Green Onion Seed 4 to 6 weeks before
Ground Cherry Transplant 1 weeks after
Hibiscus/Roselle Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Hollyhock Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Hot Peppers Transplant 1 to 2 weeks after
Hyssop Transplant 1 weeks before
Kale Transplant 4 to 5 weeks before As soon as soil can be worked.
Kohlrabi Transplant 2 to 4 weeks before
Komatsuna Seed 8 weeks before
Lavender Transplant 3 to 4 weeks before
Leeks Transplant 4 weeks before Seedlings need to be trenched when planting, to blanch the bottoms as deeply as possible.
Lemon Balm Transplant 1 to 2 weeks before
Lentils Seed or Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before Needs 80-110 days to reach maturity. Seeds take 10 days to germinate. If starting seeds indoors, can do so 3 to 4 weeks prior to planting out.
Lettuce Seed or Transplant 4 to 6 weeks before As soon as soil can be worked.
Lima Beans Seed or Transplant 1 to 2 weeks after
Lovage Seed or Transplant 5 to 6 weeks before
Lupine Seed 1 to 2 weeks before Transplant out seedlings after the last frost date.
Mache/Lamb's Lettuce Seed 6 to 8 weeks before
Marigold Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Marjoram Seed or Transplant 1 to 2 weeks after
Mathiola (Stock) Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Melons Transplant 1 to 2 weeks after
Mibuna Seed or Transplant 3 to 4 weeks before
Mint Seed or Transplant 4 weeks before
Mizuna Seed or Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before
Mustard Greens Seed or Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before Cover with insect netting to keep flea beetles off the leaves.
Nasturtium Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Nicotiana Seed or Transplant 1 weeks after
Nigella Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks before
Okra Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Onions Sets or Seedlings 4 to 6 weeks before As soon as soil can be worked.
Orach Seed 2 to 3 weeks before
Oregano Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Pac Choi Seed or Transplant 1 to 2 weeks before
Pansy Transplant 3 to 4 weeks before
Parsley Transplant 3 weeks before Start seeds indoors 2.5 to 3 months prior to transplanting out.
Parsley Root Transplant 2 weeks before
Parsnips Seed 0 to 1 weeks before
Peanuts Transplant 1 to 2 weeks after
Peas Seed 6 weeks before As soon as soil can be worked; very hardy.
Perilla Seed 0 to 1 weeks after
Petunias Transplant 1 to 2 weeks after
Popcorn & Ornamental Corn Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Peppers Transplant 1 weeks after Needs heat to speed germination when seed starting; extremely sensitive to frost.
Potatoes Use Certified Seed Potato 2 weeks before Don't plant out potatoes from the grocery store; they may carry disease into your garden.
Pumpkin Seed or Transplant 1 weeks after
Purslane Seed 1 weeks after
Quinoa Seed 2 weeks before
Radicchio Seed or Transplant 2 weeks before
Radish Seed 4 to 6 weeks before As soon as soil can be worked.
Rhubarb Seed 3 to 4 weeks before Easier to plant rhurbarb crowns or roots.
Rosemary Transplant 1 weeks after
Runner Beans Seed 1 to 2 weeks after
Rutabaga Seed 2 weeks before
Sage Transplant 1 to 2 weeks before Start seeds 2 months prior to transplanting out.
Salad Burnet Seed or Transplant 2 to 4 weeks before
Salsify Seed 4 to 6 weeks before
Savory (Winter and Summer) Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Shallots Transplant 4 weeks before Chit (start) bulbs indoors or sow direct.
Sorrel Seed or Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before
Snapdragons Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Soy Beans Seed 1 weeks after
Spinach Seed 4 to 6 weeks before As soon as soil can be worked.
Squash (Winter Squash) Transplant 1 weeks after
Strawberry Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before
Sunflowers Seed 0 to 1 weeks before Transplant out seedlings after the last frost date.
Sweet Alyssum Seed 2 weeks before Transplant out seedlings after the last frost date.
Sweet Peas Transplant 4 weeks before Soak seeds in water for 24 hours, prior to planting.
Sweet Potato Tubers 1 to 2 weeks after
Tarragon Transplant 2 weeks before
Tatsoi Seed or Transplant 4 weeks before
Thyme Transplant 2 weeks before
Tithonia Transplant 1 weeks after
Tomatillo Transplant 1 weeks after
Tomatoes Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after Extremely sensitive to frost.
Torenia Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after
Turnip Transplant 2 to 3 weeks before
Viola Transplant 3 to 4 weeks before
Watermelon Transplant 1 weeks after
Zinnia Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after Flowers will grow successfully from seed or transplant, when planting outdoors.
Zucchini (Summer Squash) Seed or Transplant 0 to 1 weeks after Germinates and grows quickly; can do a second sowing a couple weeks after first, in case affected by pests or disease.

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